A New Knowledge Society Index: Global Tendencies and an Analysis of Turkey

Author/s: Oguz Demir, Elif Guneren Genc, Elcin Aykac Alp, Figen Yildirim

DOI: 10.12738/estp.2015.2.2356 

Year: 2015 Vol: 15 Number: 2

Abstract

Numerous studies have examined the growth rate and the level of development of countries. According to economy, sociology, and even history, it can be easily observed that knowledge is one of the most important indicators for countries to achieve sustainable growth and development. Education is seen as the main input for a society to be considered a “knowledge society,” and the aim of this study is to investigate this multidimensional character of education. In the scope of the study, United Nations Public Administration Network (UNPAN)’s Knowledge Society Index is reviewed and recalculated with respect to different variables to understand the significance of being a knowledge society for the economic g rowth of a country. Regarding this recalculation, another important aim of the study is to rank Turkey in the recalculated index and try to expose reasons for its actual situation. In this context, Turkey’s strengths and weaknesses are set out. In conclusion, in accordance with the determinations, policy recommendations to authorities are also included.

Keywords
Knowledge society, Composite indicators, Knowledge economy, UNPAN Knowledge Society Index

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