Evaluation of Turkish Grammar Instruction Based on Primary School Teachers’ Opinions
Author/s: Hüseyin ANILAN
Year: 2014 Vol: 14 Number: 5
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the holistic approach to Turkish grammar instruction in the first stage of primary education from the opinions and experiences of Turkish primary school teachers. This study is a qualitative research designed as a phenomenological study. The study participants were selected using maximum variation and criterion sampling, both of which are purposive sampling strategies. Thirty-two primary school teachers working at public primary schools in Turkey during the spring term of 2011–2012 were selected as the study participants. Data were collected using a written structured interview, then analyzed descriptively, from which themes were developed. The results showed that the study participants employed methods such as using relevant examples, teaching the grammar rules implicitly and using activities. It was found that some participants allocated a separate class hour for grammar teaching, while others found the Turkish Course Curriculum for Grades 1–5 inadequate. Some participants found the grammar teaching content and activities in the teaching set (i.e., students’ textbook, students’ workbook and teachers’ book) inadequate both quantitatively and qualitatively, and therefore, turned to different resources. Overall, it was found that there were inadequacies in the teaching set because of a lack of explanations, exercises and examples, and a clear relationship to the students’ social environment.