The Effect of Gender, Seniority and Subject Matter on the Perceptions of Organizational Justice of Teachers: A Meta-Analytical Study
Year: 2015 Vol: 15 Number: 1
This study reveals the results of a meta-analysis conducted with the theses and research studies published in Turkey from 2005 to 2012 regarding organizational justice. The purpose of this paper is to determine the effects of gender, seniority and subject matter on the perceptions of organizational justice of teachers. Specific criteria were used to select which studies would be included in the meta-analysis. According to these criteria, 17 studies were included from the perspective of gender, 9 from seniority, and 6 from the perspective of subject matter. The study found that the variables of gender and subject matter had a very weak effect on the overall perception of organizational justice, as well as on the sub-dimensions of organizational justice. The research concluded that seniority had a very weak effect overall on the perception of organizational justice, and the organizational sub-dimensions of procedural justice, interactive justice and relationships with managers. The effect on distributive justice and the relationship between employees was weak, bordering on moderate. The study revealed that teachers with 10 years or under of experience had a more positive perception about organizational justice in the dimension of distributive justice, while teachers with 11 years or higher experience had a more positive perception regarding the relationship between employees. This study suggests new meta-analytical studies to determine the relationship of organizational justice with other variables. It also points out that researchers should be more careful in reporting statistics in their studies to allow for the implementation of meta-analyses in the future.