Transfer Benefit Evaluation on University S&T Achievements Based on Bootstrap-DEA
Author/s: Feng Di
Year: 2018 Vol: 18 Number: 5
The performance evaluation on the transfer of Science and Technology(S&T) achievements in universities has important implications for knowing through the current situation of this area and strengthening the regulation and management capacities of the social macroeconomy. However, there are still some divergences of opinions on how to recognize the basic issues in academic circles, for example, what are the concept and the model of S&T achievements transfer, and what’ s the standard for successful S&T transfer. After the analysis of the above three issues, and the concepts of S&T achievement and the pure technology transfer are actively compared, the input and output elements in the S&T achievement transfer process in universities are extracted, among which, inputs include various types of applications as S&T achievements including patents; the outputs refer to the three transfer behaviors, i.e. technology transfer, licensing and valuation investment. Based on these inputs and outputs, the transfer efficiencies of S&T achievements from some universities in China in 2010-2017 are surveyed using the Bootstrap-DEA method. The findings suggest: the average transfer efficiencies of S&T achievements in universities in 2001, 2002, 2008 and 2009 are 0.64, 0.78, 0.77 and 0.81, respectively, which shows the Chinese universities present a continuously improved evolution trend in this regard. The standards for the transfer efficiency of S&T achievements in universities are 0.20, 0.18, 0.16 and 0.18, respectively. It means that the gap in the transfer efficiency of S&T achievements between universities has not shown a downward trend.